What is a specific, but limited, time usually early in an organism’s life, during which the organism is particularly susceptible to environmental influences relating to some particular facet of development?
A. Latent period
B. Sensitive period
C. Critical period
D. Plasticity period
Which of the following is NOT an explanation as to why a newborn’s body lacks easy mobility?
What was the argument presented for advocates of bottle-feeding?
At what age does the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Family Physicians suggest that babies can start eating solid food?
A. 6 months
B. 8 months
C. 10 months
D. 12 months
Which principle states that development proceeds from the center of the body outward?
B. Independence of systems
D. Hierarchical integration
What is the term for the reflex that scientists feel represents a leftover response that humans inherited from their nonhuman ancestors?
Due to malnutrition, a child’s stomach, limbs, and face may swell with water so that the child actually appears chubby, but in fact the child is suffering from:
Babies are typically able to crawl between __________ months of age.
A. 6 and 10
B. 5 and 8
C. 10 and 12
D. 8 and 10
Breast feeding an infant for the first 12 months of life is the preferred method by child-care experts for all of the reasons below EXCEPT breast milk:
What is the term for the degree of awareness an infant displays to both internal and external stimulation?
C. Sensitive period
If you examine the different growth patterns of a child’s body size, nervous system, and sexual characteristics, you would apply which principle?
A. Principle of the independence of systems
B. Cephalocaudal principle
C. Principle of hierarchical integration
D. Proximodistal principle
Synaptic pruning means unused:
What is the term for the ability to detect sound and pinpoint the direction from which it is emanating?
B. Sound distinction
C. Sound travel
D. Sound localization
By the age of __________ months, babies can move themselves in different directions.
At approximately what age is a baby able to prominently open its hand and grasp a rattle?
A. at birth
B. 3 months
C. 6 months
D. 10 months
The developmental researcher(s) who conducted the classic study regarding the “visual cliff” was/were:
The “visual cliff” study indicates that most infants in the age range of __________ months cannot be coaxed to cross the “cliff.”
A. 6 to 14
B. 5 to 12
C. 12 to 14
D. 8 to 14
What is the fatty substance that helps insulate neurons and speeds the transmission of nerve impulses?
What principle means that we would likely develop visual abilities (located in the head) well before we master the ability to walk (closer to the end of the body)?
A. Independence of systems
B. Hierarchical integration