# Step 1. Write Section 1 of the DAA. Refer to Comprehension Question 7 on page 343

**Step 1**. Write Section 1 of the DAA. Refer to Comprehension Question 7 on page 343 of your Warner text to provide a context for the chi square analysis. In Section 1 of the DAA, articulate the two variables and the scales of measurement for each variable. Specify the sample size of the data set.

**Step 2**. Write Section 2 of the DAA. Articulate the assumptions of chi square:

- Paste the SPSS output showing expected frequencies (
*E*). Report*E*for each cell in the 2 x 2 table. - Determine if the expected frequencies assumption is met.
- If the assumption is met, indicate which version of chi square should be reported.
- If the assumption is not met, indicate which version of chi square should be reported.

**Step 3**. Write Section 3 of the DAA. Specify a research question for this chi square. Articulate a null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis for the chi square. Specify the alpha level.

**Step 4**. Write Section 4 of the DAA:

- Begin by stating your conclusion regarding the expected frequencies assumption.
- Next, create a table of observed frequencies for the two variables Class and Saved, referring to Table 8.4 of the Warner text as an example.
- Report the observed number of passengers in first class and third class who were saved and not saved.
- Next, paste the SPSS output for Symmetric Measures.
- Report the phi coefficient and interpret the effect size.
- Then paste the SPSS output for Chi-Square Tests.
- Report the version of chi square that is appropriate given the
*E*assumption. Include the symbol for chi square, the degree of freedom, the chi square value, the*p*-value, and your decision regarding the null hypothesis. - Next, calculate and report the odds of survival for the first class female group and odds of survival for the third class female group.
- Finally, calculate the odds ratio of survival comparing the first class female group to the third class female group.

**Step 5**. Write Section 5 of the DAA. Discuss your conclusions of the chi square as it relates to your stated research question. Conclude with an analysis of the strengths and limitations of chi square analysis.

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