- How Nature and Nurture Affect Language Development
A. Thesis: Nature is a precursor to language development that needs the compliments of nurture for a child to be well versed with its first language
II. What is the importance of nurture in language development?
A. With respect to language development, there have been many schools of thought regarding the importance of nurture or on the flip side, its irrelevance. The importance of nurture, however, is undeniable.
B. One evidence of the importance of nurture is that children will speak the language that is at their predisposition; an American born child will both speak and be fluent in English or Mandarin depending on whether it will grow in New York or Beijing.
III. How do words and sentence develop in young children?
A. Speech and language in young children advance as they grow and the best way to improve their language skills is to by talking to them.
B. The first way children learn to speak is by listening to their parents at home. The rest they learn it from teachers and then friends.
IV. What do behaviorists say about nurture’s role in language development?
A. With respect to language acquisition in children and nurture, behaviorists posit that the environment within which a child grows is the most relevant factor in the acquisition of its first language.
B. What’s more, it has been noted that if a child is predisposed to rich language then good habit formation will take place and proper development of language will occur. The role of nurture is very important where parents and guardians play the role of a support system to better the language development of a child (Friedmann & Rusou, 2015).
C. Examples of duties that parents and guardians (teachers included) need to play is giving children attention, asking them questions, using labels and help them with naming, and generally socially interacting with children (Berk, L. (2017).
V. Major milestones in child’s development
A. Child’s development milestone is behavioral or physical signs of growth of young children. Development milestones such as rolling over, crawling, walking and talking help to provide vital information regarding a child’s early development.
B. Milestones for each age range are different. They are the behaviors that emerge with time enhancing growth and continued learning. They include Cognition, motor coordination, social interaction and adaptive (Weisz, Jensen & McLeod, 2005).
VI. Sound and meaning in language development
A. The sounds of words represent purpose and vary accordingly across languages. However, some association between sound and meaning are pervasive.
B. In phonological development, speech sounds are formed and used to communicate language. When more sounds of language are acquired language becomes more precise with fluent pronunciation and improved intonation.
VII. Functional Brain imaging studies of speech in Language development
A. Speech processing relies on accurate and specialized networks, especially in adults. The significance amount of language learning takes place first year of life in the domains of word segmentation.
B. Nature and nurture in brain developments leads to progressive language development. Research shows that Infants process verbal stimuli before learning.
A. Nurture and nature both play a role in language development. As such, there is no dismissing nurture with respect to influencing a child to speak well. The moment the world accepts this as a reality, the better it will be for the young ones who are developing.
B. Parents play the biggest role in nurture i.e. to help children develop their language; teachers come second in playing this role. Children’s peers also help them develop language.
C. For that matter parents should be aware of their nurturing role and pronounce words correctly when they speak near children; they should not mimic the gibberish spoken by children.
Fox, J. E., & Schirrmacher, R. (2014). Art and creative development for young children. Cengage
Friedmann, N., & Rusou, D. (2015). Critical period for first language: the crucial role of language
input during the first year of life. Current opinion in neurobiology, 35, 27-34.
Weisz, J. R., Jensen, A. L., & McLeod, B. D. (2005). Development and Dissemination of Child
and Adolescent Psychotherapies: Milestones, Methods, and a New Deployment-Focused Model.
Feedback from instructor please read and use advice when doing assignment
Good work Paula, right now the paper is missing the nature theory and then after the two theories have been applied to the topic don’t forget to make an evidence based conclusion about which theory best explains the topic.
Final Project: Cognitive Development Theories and Social Change
For your Final Project in this course, you will complete a brief literature review on a specific topic within language or cognitive development. A literature review is a synthesis of the research within a field. It can be used to identify themes, evaluate the application of theories, and even create a basis for future independent research later in your program or career. Because language and cognitive development are broad areas within developmental psychology, the topic you have selected for your literature review should be sufficiently specific that you are not overwhelmed by the amount of research on your topic. Nor, however, should your topic be so narrow as to yield insufficient research results. Your Instructor should have approved your topic and provided feedback on your Final Project outline already. Use this final week of the course to finish editing your project and ensuring that you have used proper APA style and formatting.
- Select a topic from the literature on language or cognitive development.
- Choose two theories of language or cognitive development to apply to your selected topic, one from each of the following categories:
- Nature (biological perspective)
- Nurture (environmental perspective)
The Assignment (8–10 pages):
Submit an 8- to 10-page paper in which you do the following:
- Briefly introduce the topic you have selected.
- Provide a comparison of how each of the two theories you selected explains or characterizes your topic.
- Explain which theory you think best accounts for the topic/phenomena and why.
- Support your argument with at least six to eight references to the literature. Use proper APA format and citations.