Your assignment is to research and report about an archaeological find


Your assignment is to research and report about an archaeological find of the last fifteen years.

When you begin the research phase of your project, you will be happily surprised to find just how many active sites are producing new insights into ancient cultures every single day.  Some recent examples include excavations in Scotland, England, Egypt, Jerusalem, Rome, and China.  Find one that interests you.

Please message me for full assignment information as I am not able to post it. 

  • attachment


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Topic: Curb Bullying In Adolescents with ADHD

Topic: Curb Bullying In Adolescents with ADHD



Explain the ethical implications involved in your proposal, including any ethical considerations related to the problem, intervention (if appropriate), research methods, and design. Include in your discussion a brief description of the population of interest and what kinds of ethical implications might be involved with this population. For example, are you working with kids, older adults, inmates, or other special populations? Are you working with people who might have suffered a trauma of some sort? You must explain the needs of your potential population and how diversity may play a role (e.g., different cultural needs).

If you think your study will have limited ethical implications, explain how you have evaluated the topic for ethical considerations, including the guidelines you have used. Finally, identify ways to mitigate or address any ethical issues.



2 to 3 paragraphs

at least 2 references

APA formats

We have all seen the commercials and advertisements for “probiotics”

We have all seen the commercials and advertisements for “probiotics” to improve our health and treat diseases, such as diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome, arthritis, and even cancers and obesity. Web-based testimonials and claims of “scientific” reports have built probiotic consumption into a multi-billion dollar industry in the U.S. and other westernized countries. But are these products really supplying us with any measurable health benefit? What do the scientists have to say, based on their research?

Completing this activity will assist you in mastering Module Level Outcomes 1 and 2.


Be sure you have read these materials:

Recall from Module 1:

  • Achenbach, J. (2015). National Geographic, V227. Achenbach, J. (2015, 03). The age of disbeliefNational Geographic, 227, 31-32, 34-37, 39-42, 44-47.

In this Module 1 reading by Joel Achenbach, recall that we learned about:

  • “Confirmation bias”: when we tend to select for information that supports our currently held beliefs
  • Pressure from advertising that indicates our “tribe” believes this and does this, so we should believe and do this, as well
  • The tendency to have a strong attachment to anecdotes instead of research results based on statistics that may seem counterintuitive

In this discussion, we will test Achenbach’s hypotheses by collecting our own data on why some people believe that probiotics, as incorporated into our food or sold as supplements, are an important component of a healthy lifestyle.


Conduct a poll of your family, friends, and/or co-workers (try to interview at least 3 people who answer yes to the first question), asking them these questions:

  1. Do you regularly take or use any probiotic supplement products, such as capsules or yogurts, etc.?
  2. If you do, what particular health benefit do you think you are getting from this product?
  3. If not, why don’t you use these supplements?
  4. If I told you that all the scientific research to date shows no added health benefit of any kind for these probiotic products for the average healthy person, would you continue to use them? Why or why not?

Finally, submit as your initial post:

Write a summary report of your findings. Be sure to include:

  1. How many people you interviewed. Of this number, how many did and did not use probiotics? Include a percentage for each of these numbers.
  2. What were the main reasons cited for probiotic use?
  3. What were the main reasons provided for not using probiotics?
  4. What was the response to item “d” about the scientific research on probiotics? Would people change their behavior, why or why not?
  5. Does your data align with Achenbach’s claims about human behavior? Why or why not?

The final question (#5) should be the focus of your discussion with your classmates.

Your initial post responding to this assignment should be no shorter than 250 words. Include both in-text citations and complete APA style references for all the sources you used to inform your work.

Assignment 2: Naturalistic Observations and Evaluation

Assignment 2: Naturalistic Observations and Evaluation

Conducting an ethnographic study is a fun way of gathering research about your social environment. You may have done an ethnography before without really being aware of it. In a small way, this assignment recreates what ethnographers do when they visit a new community to conduct research.

Complete the following:


  • Choose a restaurant, library, mall, dining hall, coffee shop, or similar public location. Plan to spend a minimum of two hours at the location. You will visit this location twice, for a minimum of four hours total. Keep in mind that if you should find one of your peers in the establishment at the same time when you are there, do not interrupt him/her and do not do the assignment at the same time.
  • Document what occurs at this chosen location:
    • Describe the establishment.
    • Analyze the interactions between people.

Next, write a paper documenting and analyzing your observations of the location.

Observation Notes

Your observation notes should specifically include the following:

  • Name and location of the establishment
  • Dates and times you were there
  • Place where you stood/sat and when you did your research
  • Description of the physical characteristics of the inside and outside of the establishment (e.g. brick or concrete structure, paint color, seating arrangements)
  • Number and types of people visiting the establishment while you were there (age, sex, type of clothing, probable occupations, ethnicity, etc.)
  • Document interactions such as:
    • specific nature of the interactions that take place in the establishment among customers, between customers and staff, and among staff
    • types of languages used in the establishment and by whom
    • any strange or unusual behavior

Analysis Summary

Include the following in your analysis:

  • Comparison of similarities and differences of this establishment and other similar establishments you know about
  • Nature of the treatment of customers in the establishment
  • Relationships between customers and workers
  • Any behavior that surprised you or was contrary to your expectations
  • How it felt to do the research
  • Most difficult aspects of the research
  • What you found most interesting about the research

In your analysis, be sure to draw upon your observations to support your conclusions.


In the appendix of your paper, include the following:

  • A sketch of the layout of the establishment (You can draw in a computer program, like Paint that comes preloaded on most PCs and insert it into your Word file.)
  • Transcription of your notes

Write a 4–6-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M3_A2.doc.

By Wednesday, January 30, 2013, deliver your assignment to the M3: Assignment 2 Dropbox.

Grading Rubric

Assignment 2 Grading Criteria
Maximum Points
Documented observations for a total of two hours, at two different times in a public establishment on all required details such as dates, times, interactions.
Drew conclusions based on observations.
Wrote an analysis summary on all required details such as relationships observed, your reactions, comparison to other establishments.
Created a sketch of the layout of the establishment as an appendix.
Writing Criteria

Organization (12)

Usage and Mechanics (12)

APA Elements (16)

Style (4)

Unit 7 Assignment 1 Locate an article from the peer-reviewed, scholarly journals in your field using

Unit 7 Assignment 1


Locate an article from the peer-reviewed, scholarly journals in your field using one of the databases available in the Capella Library. This article should be no more than five years old and report on an empirical qualitative study. The article may be related to the topic you have selected for your final course paper. Use the study activities and the annotated Qualitative Study Evaluation Template to evaluate the study in your journal article. In your paper, demonstrate that you understand the important elements of the article:


The research problem.


Literature review.


Purpose statement.


Research design.


Research questions.


Data collection plan.


Data analysis and interpretation plan.


Include a statement about how you might use this study to inform your current or future work as a counselor. Describe at least one ethical and one culturally relevant concern to the study.


Written Requirements


Length of paper: 4–6 pages.


Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.


The qualitative research is on hypertension

DQ’s answer have to be 150 word count each with some references except the last two questions, they just need to answered.

DQ’s answer have to be 150 word count each with some references except the last two questions, they just need to answered.



  • How is the variance related to the standard deviation of a data set?
  • Why are the sample variance and population variance measured differently?
  • How does the empirical rule relate to the standard deviation?
  • How is a sample mean different than a population mean?
  • Compare the three different measures of central tendency.


  • Are all measures of central tendency appropriate for all scales of measurement? Why or why not? What percentages represent the standard normal distribution for continuous random variables according to the empirical rule?
  • What information does range provide about a data set?
  • Which measure is not affected by outliers? Why?



Provide a response to the following questions.




1.     The Wilcox & Keselman (2003) article from this week’s electronic readings discusses two problems with measures of central tendency: skewness of the data and outliers. Discuss each of these issues and how they affect measures of central tendency.






2.     For the following scores, find the mean, median, and mode. Which would be the most appropriate  measure for this data set? You may use Microsoft® Excel® data anlysis to compute these statistics.  You may copy your output from Microsoft® Excel® into this worksheet.



2, 2, 0, 5,1, 4,1, 3, 0, 0, 1, 4, 4, 0,1, 4, 3, 4, 2, 1

As the intake worker at a local community mental health access center

As the intake worker at a local community mental health access center, a thorough assessment needs to be completed for every person that comes in looking for support and services. Because of the variety of illnesses and treatment options, the more accurate your assessment and treatment plan the more help you will provide for the client.


Choose from one of the provided case studies to complete the assessment and treatment plan using the template provided.




  1. Choose a case study.
  2. Fill out the assessment and treatment form.


Write a separate summary at the end of the form explaining the best psychological theory that would best fit understanding this case study. Be sure to include ethical and cultural considerations.


Assignment 1 Grading Criteria
Maximum Points
Assessment form.
Description of the disorder and explanation of the symptoms best explain the behavior of the case study.
Apply assessment information to treatment planning stage.
Choice and justification of a theory that fits best with this particular case.
Complete treatment plan form.
Summary of case study.
Analysis of the most appropriate treatment theory.
Explanation of where ethical and cultural considerations may arise and what could be done to provide ethical and culturally sensitive treatment.
Organization: Writing, Ideas, Transitions, and Conclusion
Usage and Mechanics: Grammar, Spelling, and Sentence structure
APA Elements: Attribution, Paraphrasing, and Quotations
Style: Audience, and Word Choice


*   Case Studies to choose from  Just choose  The easiest one an there is a Acessment form that needs to be completed all are attached.


Case Study #1


Young-Hwa, a 40-year-old Korean male, had immigrated to the United States 15 years ago without proper documentation. He had a hard life because, despite his training as a chef in Korea, he had difficulty finding a well-paying job without proper documentation. He also had a hard time getting along with others for long periods of time in some of the kitchens that he worked for.  He would do really well for a while talking about how much he enjoyed the job thinking that this was going to be his lucky break, but after several months he would either quit or get fired.  During these times of being out of work he is very depressed and irritable and will sleep for days without coming out of his bedroom.  After many years of various positions including kitchen assistant and assistant cook, he finally landed his dream job of a top chef in a Korean restaurant.


He recently was married to a Caucasian woman who had a daughter from a prior relationship and now they have twin sons.  Their marriage would be described as fairly good with some hard times.  His wife knows his work history and occasionally will threatened that if he messes this one up, she and the children will be leaving him.  However, most of the time she only threatens this when she is angry about not being able to pay a bill, which causes them to fight.  The other main topic of conflict is how he never had time for her and her daughter, but now spends more time with them with the birth of his sons.  He claims he just has more time and energy now.  He also is so excited about the new position, reassures her that it will not happen this time, and begins to stay up late into the evenings excitedly planning new menus. Even when he is home, he is busily making new dishes for her and their neighbors to try.


They live in a predominant Koran neighborhood and most of the couples are kind to his wife and step-daughter, but occasionally question her about Young-Hwa’s behavior.  They mention to her that it is hard to know what you are going to get when you see him.  She dismisses their concerns and explain it away with his stress of jobs and not having his proper documentation of his training in Korea and hope that his paperwork that was submitted after their marriage for citizenship will get approved and that will help his mood.


Young-Hwa is the oldest child with having three younger sisters that still live in Korea near where his elderly parents live.  The oldest of the sisters actually lives with and takes care of his parents.  He secretly sends his sister money to help with taking care of his parents but feels he cannot tell his wife because of her complaints about money and that she would just not understand.




Chapter 3 – Clinical Issues Related to Integrating Vocational Services




Case Study #2


Julia is a 27-year-old Italian American female. She was referred to a specialty residential program by the child protective services agency because her daughter was born with a toxicology screen that tested positive for heroin, cocaine, and marijuana. In order to keep her baby, she was required to participate in this program with her infant daughter. Julia was administered a battery of assessment measures during her intake interview for residential treatment. These measures included the ASI (which measured her functional status in seven domains) and the Self-Directed Search (which determined her vocational interests and skills).


Julia is an only child. She lives with her mother, a nurse, and her father, an electrician. Her parents were given temporary custody of her daughter while she was waiting for placement at the residential program. The clinician learned, however, that she and her parents have had several physical fights recently, of which the child protective services agency was not aware.


Julia has had 13 years of education. She had been a nursing major at the local community college 5 years ago but dropped out when she could no longer manage school due to her polysubstance use. Julia has been drinking to intoxication on Friday, Saturday, and Sunday since the age of 15. She has also injected heroin regularly (about three times per week over the last 5 years) and has been smoking or snorting cocaine on weekends. She often used more than one substance per day–usually cocaine and alcohol–when she could not get heroin.


Julia has been arrested for assault, breaking and entering, and robbery. However, she was not convicted and has never been incarcerated. Julia usually got her money for drugs by stealing or by giving sexual favors. Julia has several close male and female friends who are also using drugs. She has had serious conflicts over the last 30 days with her parents, sexual partners, and friends. She reports that her current sexual partner, who sells drugs and is the father of her child, has physically and emotionally abused her.


Julia has been hospitalized twice for suicide attempts. She says that periodically she becomes severely depressed, can’t eat or sleep, cries a lot, can’t sit still, and has trouble getting out of bed. She is easily irritated when she is depressed and sometimes has difficulty controlling her anger. Julia also has panic attacks and is, at times, fearful of crowds, stores, classrooms, and restaurants where she does not know people. She is also afraid they will see her having a panic attack and think that she is crazy. Julia has been prescribed imipramine (Tofranil), lithium (Lithonate), and diazepam (Valium), but none of these medications seem to help. She finds it easier to get herself out of bed after she has used heroin or cocaine. Julia admits that her drug use may be a form of self-medication because she “feels better” after she uses.


Julia’s ASI composite scores reveal that she is most in need of treatment in the areas of alcohol and drug use, employment, social relations, and psychiatric problems. Julia herself rates her need for treatment in the areas of alcohol and drugs and in psychological functioning as extreme, but she views her need for employment and social counseling as slight.


Julia’s result from the Self-Directed Search matches her vocational dream of becoming a nurse (like her mother). Julia was surprised to learn that her summary code was also consistent with dietician, physical/occupational therapist, and psychiatric technician. She was particularly interested in the physical and occupational therapy fields because she thought these occupations would limit her access to drugs and thus eliminate the temptation to steal them, while still allowing her to work with people in a medical setting.


When Julia was approached about further vocational exploration, she said that the thought of going back to school made her highly anxious and that she did not think she could ever see herself getting up to go to work or performing adequately on the job. She felt that she had been using drugs too long and “hanging out” so long with other users that she did not even know how to talk to “straight people.” She also felt humiliated about all her arrests and about “doing nothing with her life” all these years, so she couldn’t imagine filling out an application to go back to school or interviewing for a job.






Chapter 3 – Clinical Issues Related to Integrating Vocational Services)




Case Study #3


Joe is a 34-year-old, unmarried, African-American man who lives in a poor neighborhood of a large city and works as a dock loader for a large trucking company. He returned from war nine months ago after serving in an 18 month deployment. Joe lives with an aunt and uncle, paying a small monthly rent for a basement room, after losing his own apartment a couple months ago.  He generally keeps to himself, although he has a few war buddies that he occasionally hangs out with.


Joe never knew his father and was raised by his grandparents. His alcoholic mother left Joe and two younger brothers in his grandparents’ care when she ran off with a man—only to die in an accident about a year later when Joe was 8 years old. His beloved, very religious grandfather died of complications from diabetes when Joe was in high school. Although his grandmother is alive still, Joe seldom sees her. None of the family members are close and he hardly know the aunt and uncle he is living with.


Now Joe is in serious trouble: a street brawl that he got into after returning from a bar with friends ended with the shooting death of one of his friends. Joe is one of those charged, though he swears he was not involved. He was, however, so drunk that he does not remember what happened. Because Joe has a history of fighting and a series of previous assault charges, the court has mandated treatment because of the alcohol found in Joe’s urine after his latest arrest.


Joe is overweight but otherwise reports no physical complaints or serious medical problems.


The one bright spot in Joe’s life is the 4-year-old son, Charles, he fathered with a “nice” girl (Brianna) he has known since high school. Brianna says that she loves Joe and would like them to be a family. However, she is very concerned about Joe’s erratic behavior and is thinking about ending the relationship. Although Brianna knows that Joe thinks Charles is special, she is reluctant to let the father and son go anywhere together—fearing that Joe might get triggered and go into “anger mode” as she calls it. Brianna is a stabilizing influence on Joe, with a strong spiritual side that reminds Joe of his grandfather. However, says he is not the same guy that he was before the war and is sometimes afraid of him when he “zones out”. Also, Joe knows that his job is in jeopardy if he does not show up for work more regularly. He has been skipping work after times of being blacked out and not remembering his actions.  Joe does not have many opportunities to increase his income and has no aspirations for a better job fearing doing something different. Also, it seems as though the more worried he is, the more he gets upset by things that happen around him.


When asked, Joe says he wants change and become a man like his grandfather. However, he does not see a way out, especially if he is convicted of manslaughter. The thought of spending time in prison terrifies him.





Initial Assessment / Mental Status Check



Name of Client ________________________________________________              Date_____________________




__Well groomed    __Neat   __Casual    __Unkempt   __Unclean    __Inappropriate   __Bizarre   __Unusual


General Presentation:


__Cooperative   __Guarded    __Distractible    __Agitated




__Clear   __Tone (loud/soft)  __Rhythmic   __Poverty of Speech   __Rapid   __Slow  __Stutter __Pressured  __Slurred




__Appropriate   __Blunted     __Melancholy   __Restricted     __Labile    __Inappropriate    __Flat




__Even   __Depressed/sad    __Anxious      __Irritable   __Angry    __Elevated  __Euphoric/elated __Expansive    __Passive   __Pessimistic   __Blunted




__Time    __Place    __Person


Intelligence Level:


__High    __Average    __Low    __Retarded




__Rational    __Impaired    __Immature    __Impulsive




__Emotional  __Intellectual  __Denial  __Blames Others  __Blames Self  __Slight Awareness  __ Acknowledges problem


Thought Content:


__Logical/Reality Based  __Delusions  __Obsessions  __Tangential  __Illogical  __Loose Associations  __Hallucinations __Ideas of reference/influence    __Compulsions  __Flight of Ideas __Circumstantial  __Inhibited  __Concrete __Abstract


Comments: __________________________________________________________________________________________________








Violence/Abuse: (Domestic and Workplace, Child and Sexual)


Present Risk:     ____None            ____Low             ____Moderate    ____High


Current: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________








Suicide/Homicide: (Past attempts, Prior inpatient admissions, Ideation, Intent, Attempt, Plan, Compromised ADL’s)


Present Risk:     ____None            ____Low             ____Moderate    ____High


Current: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________




Past:  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________




Other risks:  (eating disorder, history of multiple diagnoses, non-compliance with earlier treatment, runaway): ____________




Symptoms: Weight gain/loss     Sleep decreased/increased    Concentration increased/diminished    Interest level decreased    Fear


Restlessness     Increased arousal     Racing thoughts    Irritability     Avoidance    Hopelessness  






Strengths identified by client ____________________________________________________________________________________




Additional client strengths seen by clinician ________________________________________________________________________




Family members/others who will be supportive of client in treatment ____________________________________________________


____________________________________________________________________________________________________________Family member/support people to have involved in treatment __________________________________________________________









(Evaluate, integrate and summarize the following information: Background, medical, social, presenting problem, signs & symptoms and impairments. Tie these in with the patient’s strengths and needs. Integration of data is more important than specific details.)
















In M1: Assignment 2, you identified and explained the weakest or strongest argument in a set of articles

In M1: Assignment 2, you identified and explained the weakest or strongest argument in a set of articles. You identified the premises and conclusions, discussed whether or not an inference was warranted, and discussed matters of truth and consistency within the specified subject.

Review your work in M1: Assignment 2 where you analyzed the sets of articles assigned to you.

Using these articles, complete the following:

  • Provide your position on the issue in the articles assigned to you.
  • State and explain a key objection to your position on this issue.
  • Despite the objection, develop a counterargument to defend your position. (This will likely be an “engulf-and-devour” argument.)

You may use the M1: Assignment 2 readings as sources for evidence and facts. Be sure to do the following:

  • Use additional references to support your arguments and provide evidence as needed.
  • Use key language and phrases suggested in your readings.
  • Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

Write your initial response in 200–300 words. Be sure to reply to at least two of your classmates using at least 75 w

Please make sure you create a counter argument to the argument you posted in module one. Please make sure you read the lecture on how to create a counter argument.

It is always important to be able to look at an issue from several different sides.  The foundation of critical thinking is to look at both sides of the issues and then make a decision based on values and social considerations.

Please articulate the counter argument and then let me know why you chose one side or the other.  You might want to consider one of the highest values by which you make decisions.

I look forward to your thoughts on how you will incorporate the various elements from the lecture. This would be the elements on how to construct a counter argument.   Please include some detailing on the counter argument strategy of “engulf and devour.”

Please let me know how you are doing this and I look forward to your work.

ords per response.

PLEASE USE THE ATTACHED PAGES! — CroweS_M4_A2 AND AU_FP6010_Landmark_Cases_by_

PLEASE USE THE ATTACHED PAGES! — CroweS_M4_A2 AND AU_FP6010_Landmark_Cases_by_Topic_C2 (You can also find other cases from the ones listed but do not use the same ones from before)






Landmark Case Presentation


In this module, present your research findings on the landmark cases related to competency to stand trial (CST), criminal responsibility, the right to receive mental health treatment, the right to refuse psychiatric treatment, coercion to mental health treatment, and civil commitment and treatment of sex offenders.




Create a case report for each selected case, including the following headings:


  • Title and Citation: Provide the title of the case and in which court the case is involved.
  • Type of Action: Describe the type of the case.
  • Facts of the Case: Describe the key facts in the case with roles and responsibilities of forensic psychology professionals.
  • Contentions of the Parties: Explain the relevant points in the contentions of the parties.
  • Issue: Describe the issue from the viewpoint of the psycholegal question at hand.
  • Decision: Explain the decision in the case with implications, present and future, for the practice of forensic psychology.
  • Reasoning: Explain the reasoning provided by the trial judges or justices to arrive at the decision and dissenting opinions, if any.
  • Rule of Law: Describe the rule of law with regard to the practice of forensic psychology.


Write the case reports in not more than a 6-page Microsoft Word document.


All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources.

You may refer to the following links for additional information:



Assignment 2 Grading Criteria Maximum Points
Described the facts of each case accurately and critically analyzed the roles and responsibilities of forensic psychology professionals in each case. 16
Explained the contentions of the party and highlighted the relevant points. 16
Described the issues clearly with regard to the psycholegal question at hand. 16
Critically analyzed the decision based on the issue and relevant points in the contentions and explained implications, present and future, for the practice of forensic psychology. 16
Critically analyzed and accurately explained the reasoning by the trial judges or justices and any dissenting opinions. 12
Accurately described the rule of law with regard to the practice of forensic psychology. 12
Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation. 12
Total: 100


A Sample Case Report

Title and Citation: Gilbert v. Homar, 117 S. Ct. 1807 (1997).


Type of Action: Civil Suit for Violation of Due Process


Facts of the Case: Homar was employed as a police officer at East Stroudsburg University, a state institution. He was arrested on August 26 at a friend’s house during a drug raid and charged with possession of marijuana, possession with intent to deliver, and criminal conspiracy to violate the controlled substance law, a felony charge. He was suspended without pay the next day by the university. Although the charges were dropped by the state police on September 1, the university wished to pursue its own investigation. The university officials met with Homar on September 18 to hear his side of the story. On September 23, he was demoted to groundskeeper and was told he would receive back pay at the groundskeeper rate, though he eventually received back pay at the police officer rate. The union president met with the university president, Gilbert, on September 24. The demotion was based, in part, on a confession by Homar given to the state police on the night of his arrest. Homar contended that he was denied due process since there was no hearing prior to his suspension without pay.


Contentions of the Parties: Homar contended that he was denied due process since he did not have a hearing prior to being suspended without pay. He used prior cases in which the Supreme Court had ruled that a tenured state employee must have a pretermination hearing. Thus, a tenured state employee cannot be fired without due process. However, as presented by Justice Scalia, Homar had simply been suspended and not terminated. The issue of denying him his livelihood was only temporary, during his suspension, and should not have posed a hardship.


Issue: Can the state suspend a tenured employee without pay without hearing the employee’s side of the case?


Decision: The court ruled three issues that are to be considered. First is the respondent’s (Homar’s) interest and how it is affected by the official’s decision. In this case, Homar was denied pay during his suspension. The second consideration is the risk of an erroneous decision by the officials due to the procedures used to reach the decision and any safeguards in place to reverse an erroneous decision. Homar was granted a hearing with the university officials approximately three weeks after the suspension took effect. The third consideration by the court is the government’s interest.


Reasoning: The court ruled that there was probable cause for university officials to believe Homar had violated the law due to his alleged confession in the police report. Thus, they were justified in suspending Homar. The court ruled that the suspension was not final and that the deprivation of income was also only temporary, pending a postsuspension hearing. Finally, the state has an interest in immediately suspending public officials who occupy highly visible roles when they are charged with felony crimes.



Rule of Law: Due process must be viewed as procedures that take into account the circumstances of the situation for both parties involved. Here, the state was able to delay the due process by immediately suspending Homar. However, the suspension was viewed as temporary, pending a prompt hearing (Homar’s due process), and the state’s interest in maintaining public trust in the university police force justified an immediate suspension. The court also ruled suspension with pay would essentially be a “paid leave at taxpayer expense” and is not constitutionally protected.

Week 1 – Assignment 2 Topic for the Final Research Proposal

Week 1 – Assignment 2




Topic for the Final Research Proposal


For this assignment, you will apply the first step of the scientific method by identifying a topic and explaining its importance in the field of psychology. Choose a topic of interest to you in psychology that is relevant to your current or future career, and search the databases in the Ashford University Library for a published peer-reviewed literature review on the topic. Evaluate the literature review and describe whether or not it provides multiple perspectives and or results on the topic, or if the author is including only those studies that prove his or her original hypothesis. Using the literature review as a reference, compare the characteristics of the different research methods that have been used to study this topic. Summarize what is known about the topic based on the evidence presented in the literature review.


The paper


  • Must be two to three double-spaced pages in length (not including title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must use at least one peer-reviewed source.
  • Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate reference page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.


Carefully review the Grading Rubric for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.