Benchmark – Major Psychological Movements
Understanding the theoretical foundations, influential theorists, and demarcation of the three major movements of psychology is essential to having a fundamental knowledge of the discipline. Psychoanalysis; behaviorism; and humanistic, transpersonal, and existential psychology (HTE) are recognized as the three primary movements of psychology. As such, they provide a rich history of human science and form the basis for understanding human experience and the human condition as a whole. In this assignment, you will address this history, synthesize the theories, and consider applications of the theories.
· To foster retention of foundational theories in psychology, this assignment requires the incorporation of information from this course and previous courses regarding psychological theories and their applications. Refer to PSY-802, Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic Theory and PSY-803, Behaviorism to assist with this assignment.
· Doctoral learners are required to use APA style for their writing assignments.
· This assignment requires that at least Twelve scholarly research sources related to this topic, and at least one in-text citation from each source be included. Scholarly works encountered in prior doctoral courses may be used in this assignment.
· You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.
Write a paper (2,250-2,500 words) that demonstrates your understanding of the primary movements in psychology – psychoanalysis, behaviorism, and humanistic, transpersonal, and existential psychology (HTE). Your paper should provide a historical perspective for each of the movements, showcase your understanding of the key components of each, and suggest a synthesis and application of the theories. Include the following subheadings in your paper:
1. An overall historical context of all three movements. (Benchmarks C.1.1: Discuss the history and development of the theories of Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, and Humanistic/Transpersonal/Existential (HTE) Psychology)
2. A rationale for why each movement is/was considered essential to understanding human behavior and experiences.
3. An analysis of psychoanalysis/psychodynamic theory. What were the primary tenets and perspectives of the theories? Who were the key theorists? How did their work lead them to new ideas including Neo-Freudianism?
4. An analysis of behaviorism. What were the theoretical underpinnings of the movement? What were the primary tenets and concepts of the movement? Why were these tenets and concepts important? Who were the key theorists?
5. An analysis of humanistic, transpersonal, and existential psychology (HTE). From what cultural and historical contexts did the movement emerge? What were the primary tenets and concepts of the movement? Why were these tenets and concepts important? How do these tenets and concepts differ across the movement? Who were the key theorists?
6. A synthesis of these movements. How did these movements enhance the understanding of human behavior, growth, and potential? (Benchmarks C.1.2: Synthesize the theories of Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, and HTE Psychology)
7. An evaluation of the applications of the theories that were the basis for each of these movements. To what extent has the application of these theories enhanced treatments in mental health and the helping professions? (Benchmarks C.1.3: Evaluate the common applications of Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, and HTE Psychology)
8. Synthesis of the theories of Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, and HTE Psychology
9. A statement of next steps. What comes next in the development of psychological approaches to understanding human behavior and experience
Read Chapters 38 and 44.
Whiting, L. (2001). Analysis of phenomenological data: Personal reflections on Giogi’s method. Nurse Researcher, 9(2), 60-74.
Luskin, F. (2004). Transformative practices for integrating mind-body-spirit. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 10(Supplement), S15–s23.
Fossarelli, P. (2002). Fearfully wonderfully made: The interconnectedness of body-mind-spirit. Journal of Religion and Health, 41(3), 207–229.
Samuel, G. (2010). Healing, efficacy and the spirits. Journal of Ritual Studies, 24(2), 7–20.